Since the introduction of the passport in the 1900s, new features have incrementally been implemented, with the aim of validating the document and preventing identity fraud. However, as the evermore complex improvements make passport production more expensive, exclusivity arises when nations are unable to comply with technological changes.
In Checkpoint Contra Ralph Bruens demonstrates the complexity of the design of the passport by reverse engineering it. The self-developed interactive scanner assesses passports on their degree of exclusivity by providing an anatomical overview of their design features. The project raises questions of data use, and asks how far we should take design developments as a means of safety when they come with the cost of excluding citizens of economically disadvantaged countries.